AskDefine | Define draft

Dictionary Definition

draft

Noun

1 a document ordering the payment of money; drawn by one person or bank on another [syn: bill of exchange, order of payment]
2 a current of air (usually coming into a room or vehicle) [syn: draught]
3 a preliminary sketch of a design or picture [syn: rough drawing]
4 a serving of drink (usually alcoholic) drawn from a keg; "they served beer on draft" [syn: draught, potation, tipple]
5 preliminary version of a written work [syn: draft copy]
6 the depth of a vessel's keel below the surface (especially when loaded) [syn: draught]
7 a regulator for controlling the flow of air in a fireplace
8 a dose of liquid medicine; "he took a sleeping draft" [syn: draught]
9 compulsory military service [syn: conscription, muster, selective service]
10 a large and hurried swallow; "he finished it at a single gulp" [syn: gulp, draught, swig]
11 the act of moving a load by drawing or pulling [syn: draught, drawing]

Verb

1 draw up an outline or sketch for something; "draft a speech" [syn: outline]
2 engage somebody to enter the army [syn: enlist, muster in] [ant: discharge]
3 make a blueprint of [syn: blueprint, draught]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Alternative spellings

(UK:) draught (for some of the meanings)

Pronunciation

  • /drɑːft/, /drA:ft/
  • italbrac US /dræft/
    Homophones: draught
    Rhymes with: -ɑːft

Noun

  1. an early version of a written work
    I have to revise the first draft of my term paper.
  2. a preliminary sketch, rough outline
  3. Depth of water needed to float ship [also spelled draught]
  4. a current of air, usually coming into a room or vehicle [also spelled draught]
  5. a cheque, an order for money to be paid
  6. an amount of liquid that is drunk in one swallow [also spelled draught]
    She took a deep draft from the bottle of water.
  7. conscription, the system of forcing people to serve in the military
    He left the country to avoid the draft.
  8. a system of assigning rookie players to professional sports teams

Translations

early version of a written work
  • Dutch: kladversie
  • Finnish: luonnos
  • French: brouillon, ébauche
  • German: Entwurf
  • Italian: bozza
  • Norwegian: skisse, utkast
  • Portuguese: rascunho
  • Swedish: skiss
preliminary sketch
  • Finnish: luonnos
  • Japanese: 下書き
depth of water needed to float ship
  • German: Tiefgang
current of air
  • Czech: průvan
  • German: Zugluft
  • Norwegian: trekk
order for money to be paid
amount of liquid that is drunk in one swallow
  • Norwegian: slurk
conscription
  • Norwegian: verneplikt, tvungen militærtjeneste
system of assigning rookie players to professional sports teams

Verb

  1. to write a first version, make a preliminary sketch.
  2. write a law
  3. to conscript a person, force a person to serve in the military
    • He was drafted during the Vietnam War.
  4. to select and separate an animal or animals from a group.
    • The calves were drafted from the cows.
  5. to force or convince a person to do a job they do not want to do
    • They drafted me to be the chairperson of the new committee.
  6. to select a rookie player onto a professional sports team
    • After his last year of college football, he was drafted by the Miami Dolphins.
  7. to follow very closely behind another vehicle, thereby providing an aerodynamic advantage to both lead and follower, thereby conserving energy or increasing speed.

Translations

to write a first version
  • Finnish: luonnostella
  • French: ébaucher
  • German: zeichnen, entwerfen
to write a law
to conscript a person
to force or convince a person to do a job

Adjective

  1. Referring to drinks on tap, in contrast to bottled
    I'd rather have a fresh, cheap draft beer.

Norwegian

Etymology

From draw

Usage notes

Although this word is in common use, it is noted as a misnomerhttp://www.dokpro.uio.no/perl/ordboksoek/ordbok.cgi?OPP=draft&sourceid=Mozilla-search.

Synonyms

Extensive Definition

distinguish Drought
  • Draft or draught may be used in combination with several words:
    • Air draft (nautical), the vertical distance from the highest point on a ship or boat to the waterline
    • Draft document, one of several revisions to a manuscript, screenplay or teleplay
    • Draft dog (or draught dog), a large, strong dog used for pulling carts or work (see Working Group (dogs))
    • Draft horse (or draught horse), a large, strong horse bred for heavy work rather than speed
    • Draught beer (or draft beer), beer that has been served from a container by pump or pressure

Note on spelling

In British English the word is spelled draught in some senses and draft in others. It is draught beer, a draught horse, a draught meaning a current of air or a ship's minimum depth of water to float, and the game draughts - all of which retain the older spelling draught. The simplified spelling draft is used for a plan or sketch, for a preliminary version of a document and for the verb meaning to write it, for an order of payment, and for military conscription (although this last meaning is not as common as in American English). In the USA the spelling is draft in all these cases.
draft in German: draft
draft in Japanese: ドラフト
draft in Russian: Драфт (значения)
draft in Thai: ดราฟท์

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

CD, IOU, MO, abbreviation, abbreviature, abrege, abridgment, abstract, acceptance, acceptance bill, adumbrate, air current, arrangement, article, attraction, autograph, bag, bang, bank acceptance, bank check, beverage, bill, bill of draft, bill of exchange, black and white, blackmail, blank check, bleed, block in, block out, blueprint, booster, booster dose, booster shot, boot, brainchild, brief, broach, brouillon, bumper, call, call for, call up, call-up, capsule, cartoon, certificate, certificate of deposit, certified check, chalk, chalk out, characterize, charcoal, charcoal drawing, chart, check, checkbook, cheque, chiaroscuro, claim, color, commandeer, commercial paper, compend, compose, composition, compulsory military service, computer printout, concoct, condensation, condensed version, conscript, conscription, conspectus, contribution, contrive, copy, copy out, crayon, crosscurrent, crosshatch, current, current of air, dash off, daub, debenture, decant, deck, delineate, delineation, demand, demand bill, demand draft, demand for, depict, design, detach, detach for service, devise, diagram, digest, displacement, document, doodle, dose, downdraft, draft call, draft off, drafted man, draftee, drafting, drag, drain, dram, draw, draw from, draw off, draw up, drawing, drayage, drench, drink, drop, dropping, drug packet, due bill, duty, ebauche, edit, edited version, edition, elevation, empty, enface, engross, engrossment, enlist, enlistee, enlistment, enroll, enrollee, enrollment, epitome, esquisse, essay, exaction, exchequer bill, exhaust, extortion, extortionate demand, extraction, fabricate, fair copy, fall wind, fashion, fiction, figure, final draft, finished version, first draft, fix, flimsy, flow of air, following wind, forge, form, formulate, frame, gargle, graph, ground plan, gulp, guzzle, hatch, haul, haulage, hauling, head, head wind, heave, heaving, heavy demand, hit, holograph, house plan, hymnal, hymnbook, ichnography, imposition, impost, impress, impressment, indent, indraft, induct, inductee, induction, inflow, inhalation, injection, inrush, inscribe, insistent demand, inspiration, instrumental score, invent, jetstream, jigger, join, jolt, katabatic wind, lap, let, let blood, let out, letter, letter of credit, levy, libation, libretto, limn, line, line drawing, list, literae scriptae, literary artefact, literary production, literature, lucubration, lug, lute tablature, mainlining, make, make a recension, make out, manufacture, manuscript, matter, milk, mobilization, mobilize, money order, monsoon, movement of air, music, music paper, music roll, musical notation, musical score, muster, muster in, narcotic shot, negotiable instrument, nip, nonfiction, nonnegotiable demand, notation, note, note of hand, notice, opera, opera score, opus, orchestral score, order, original, outline, overdose, overview, paint, paint a picture, pandect, paper, parchment, part, pastel, pattern, peg, pen, pen-and-ink, pencil, pencil drawing, penscript, phlebotomize, piano score, picture, picturize, piece, piece of writing, pipette, plan, play, plot, poem, popping, portion, portray, postal order, potation, potion, precis, prepare, press, printed matter, printout, production, profile, project, projection, promissory note, prospectus, pull, pulling, pulling power, pump, pump out, push the pen, put in writing, quaff, raise, raw recruit, reading matter, recense, recension, record, recruit, recruiting, recruitment, requirement, requisition, review, revise, rewrite, rookie, rough, rough copy, rough draft, rough in, rough out, rough outline, rough sketch, round, round of drinks, rubric, rush, rush order, score, scratch, screed, scribe, scrip, script, scrive, scroll, scumble, selectee, selective service, shade, shape, sheet music, short score, shortened version, shot, sight bill, sight draft, sign on, sign up, silhouette, silver-print drawing, sinkage, sinopia, sip, siphon, siphon off, skeleton, sketch, skin-popping, slurp, snifter, snort, songbook, songster, spill ink, spoil paper, spot, stencil, strain, stream, stream of air, study, submergence, submersion, suck, suck out, summon, summons, sup, superscribe, survey, swig, swill, syllabus, synopsis, tablature, table, tail wind, tap, tax, taxing, tenderfoot, text, the written word, thumbnail sketch, time bill, time draft, tint, topical outline, tot, towage, towing, trace, tracing, traction, tractive, tractive power, trade acceptance, trainee, transcribe, transcript, transcription, treasury bill, tribute, tug, tug-of-war, tugging, type, typescript, ultimatum, undercurrent, updraft, venesect, version, vignette, vocal score, voucher, warning, warrant, wet, wind, work, working drawing, write, write down, write out, writing, written music
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